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Welcome to our latest blog post! Today, we’re diving into the crucial role of construction foremen and the importance of work packages in keeping construction projects running efficiently. If you want to understand what a work package needs, how to plan successfully, and how work packages interact in a seamless process flow, this blog is for you. Stay with us as we explore these concepts in depth. 

Understanding Work Packages

Let’s start with how to identify your zones in a project. On a construction site, different areas such as rooms, sections, or pieces of work are divided into what’s called a standard space unit. This is the smallest divisible unit in the project, which helps to build your work package. A work package will have a zone and a time duration.

It’s essential to know both your smallest divisible unit and your standard time unit. In construction, the standard time unit is typically a day. This unit provides the aggregate base information needed to plug into the calculator and determine your zoning for the project.

How to Create a Takt Wagon Based on Zones

Once you have identified your zones, you can create what’s called a takt wagon. This determines how much work can be completed in a zone within a specific takt time, which provides a rhythm for the work. For example, if the overall takt time is three days and framing takes two and a half days, you have some buffer time to absorb any variations or productivity losses.

It’s crucial to have enough buffer to avoid pushing and rushing workers but not so much that workers are standing around. This balance is key to effective work packaging.

Creating Phases in Your Projects

Once you have your wagons, you can create a phase, the basis of all construction scheduling. A phase includes multiple zones and ensures that each level of planning is aligned. Important factors in a phase include the density of work and the direction of flow from zone to zone.

Important Factors in a Zone and a Takt Wagon

Within a zone, you need to ensure that the crews can fit within the takt time and that the work is packaged and leveled appropriately. This involves planning the crew’s activities, identifying necessary buffer times, and ensuring smooth flow from zone to zone.

Key Responsibilities in a Construction Project

Successful construction projects require collaboration between general contractors and trade partners. Trade partners must bring the right people, tools, equipment, and expertise. General contractors must provide materials, space, permissions, culture, respect, information, and layout.

Collaboration with other trades is crucial to ensure that each trade partner can complete their work in an open, organized, and well-prepared environment.

Achieving Flow and Efficiency in Construction Projects

The central focus of all construction activities is the crew working within the work package. Project management systems must ensure that the crew has the right team, plan, resources, culture, and training, all aligned with a takt time and visual systems.

Every aspect of construction should create flow toward the work package, ensuring that information, materials, and tools are delivered in a manner that supports the crew’s work.

Preparing the Work Package for a Zone

When preparing a work package for a zone, ensure that information is packaged into lift drawings or shop drawings, materials are kitted or prefabricated, and tools and equipment are ready on time. This approach ensures that workers can start immediately and work efficiently.


To achieve optimal efficiency in construction projects, we must design production systems that support the foremen and their crews. This involves careful planning, collaboration, and a focus on creating a smooth workflow.

If you want to learn more we have:

-Takt Virtual Training: (Click here)
-Check out our Youtube channel for more info: (Click here) 
-Listen to the Elevate Construction podcast: (Click here) 
-Check out our training programs and certifications: (Click here)
-The Takt Book: (Click here)

Discover Jason’s Expertise:

Meet Jason Schroeder, the driving force behind Elevate Construction IST. As the company’s owner and principal consultant, he’s dedicated to taking construction to new heights. With a wealth of industry experience, he’s crafted the Field Engineer Boot Camp and Superintendent Boot Camp – intensive training programs engineered to cultivate top-tier leaders capable of steering their teams towards success. Jason’s vision? To expand his training initiatives across the nation, empowering construction firms to soar to unprecedented levels of excellence.

On we go!